Web accessibility means that websites, tools and technologies are designed and developed for the people with disabilities so that they can use it. Specifically, people can:
- Perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the web
- Contribute to the web
Web accessibility covers all disabilities affecting web access, including
Why is Web accessibility important?
Web is an important resource for many aspects of life, such as employment, education, government, eCommerce, healthcare, etc. It is necessary that the web is accessible in order to provide equal access and opportunities to people with diverse abilities.
Access to information, communication, and the web is a fundamental human right in the United Nation Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. According to the Census Bureau, 1 in 5 people in the United States is considered disabled to some context.
Making the Web Accessible
- Make sure your site is keyboard-friendly;
- Make sure all content is easily accessible;
- Add ALT text to all the images;
- Choose your colors carefully;
- Use headers to structure your content accurately;
- Designs your forms for accessibility;
- Don’t use tables for anything except tabular data;
- Enable resizable text that doesn’t break your site;
- Avoid automatic media and navigation; and
- Create content with accessibility in mind.
When websites and web tools are designed and coded properly, people with disabilities can use them. As Tim Berners-Lee, W3C Director and inventor of the World Wide Web, rightly said,“The power of the Web is in its universality.Access by everyone, regardless of disability is an essential aspect.”